Gwadar ( Balochi:گوادر ), (Gwadur) is a planned free trade port city on the southwestern warm water Arabian Sea coastline of Pakistan in Balochistan province. It is the district headquarters of Gwadar District and, in 2011, was designated the winter capital of Balochistan province. Gwadar has a population of approximately 85,000. It is about 533 km from Karachi and 120 km from the Iranian border.Gwadar Port is located at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, just outside the Strait of Hormuz, near the key shipping routes in and out of the Persian Gulf. Gwadar Port is a strategic warm-water deep-sea port developed jointly by the Government of Pakistan and the Government of China at a cost of USD $248 million and officially opened by the President of Pakistan on 20 March 2007.
Makran Coastal Highway is a 653 km-long coastal highway along Pakistan‘s Arabian Sea coastline. It is a part of Pakistan’s National Highways network. It runs primarily through Balochistan province between Karachi and Gwadar, passing near the port towns of Ormara and Pasni.
The official and technical designation of the Makran Coastal Highway is N10, which is the abbreviation for National Highway 10.
The Makran Coastal Highway was conceived and built by the Government of Pakistan with the following objectives:
- To develop infrastructure and boost economic activity in the areas along Pakistan’s coastline
- To improve the transportation and communications infrastructure in Balochistan province
- To develop the coastal towns of Ormara, Pasni and Gwadar into major port cities
- To link Ormara, Pasni and Gwadar with the rest of Pakistan’s national highways network
- To develop the seafood industry along Pakistan’s coastline by reducing the time and costs involved in transporting fresh seafood from seafood catchment areas to major cities in Pakistan as well as export processing zones in Karachi and Gwadar